Facts About Flying

Online Glossary of Aeronautical Terminology

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A

Aerodynamics
The study of how air flows around the airplane.
Aerophobia
A fear of flying.
Agoraphobia
Agoraphobia is a condition, which develops when a person begins to avoid spaces or situations associated with anxiety. Typical "phobic situations" might include driving, shopping, flying, crowded places, traveling, standing in line, being alone, meetings and social gatherings.
Ailerons
They are hinged on the wings and move downward to push the air down and make the wing tilt up.
Air
Air is a physical substance, which has weight and is made up of molecules, which are constantly moving. Moving air has a force that will lift kites and balloons up and down. Air is a mixture of different gases such as oxygen, carbon dioxide and nitrogen.
Airfoils
The wings of a plane.
Aviation
Aeronautics is the study of the science of flight.
Aviophobia
A fear of flying.

C

Combustor
In the combustor, the air is mixed with fuel and then ignited. This process results in high temperature, high-energy airflow. The fuel burns with the oxygen in the compressed air, producing hot expanding gases.
Compressor
The compressor is the first component in the engine core. It is made up of fans with many blades and it is attached to the shaft. The compressor squeezes the air and creates an increase in the air pressure. The squashed air is forced into the combustion chamber.

D

Drag
Resistance that slows an object down in the air. Items that are streamlined have less drag in air.

E

Elevators
Found at the rear of the plane. They can be raised or lowered to change the direction of the plane's nose. The plane will go up or down depending on the direction of that the elevators are moved.

F

Fan
The fan is the first component of the turbofan engine. The large spinning fan sucks in large quantities of air. The blades of the fan pull the air into the engine.
Fin
The vertical part of the tail
Flaps
The flaps slide back and down to increase the surface of the wing area.
Flying Phobia
A fear of flying
Fuselage
The body of the plane

G

Gas Turbine
Another term for engine
Gravity
A force that pushes objects down to the earth

H

Hypersonic
This is the speed of flight that is used by rockets in outer space. Rockets can travel 5 to 10 times faster than the speed of sound, corresponding to about 3500 - 7500 MPH. An example of a vehicle that moves at this speed is the Space Shuttle.

L

Landing Gear
The wheels of a plane
Laws of Motion
Sir Isaac Newton proposed three laws of motion:
  1. If an object is not moving, it will not start moving by itself. If an object is moving, it will not stop or change direction unless something pushes it.
  2. Objects will move farther and faster when they are pushed harder.
  3. When an object is pushed in one direction, there is always a resistance of the same size in the opposite direction.
Lift
A force that pushes objects upward

M

Mach 1
760 MPH. When a plane travels faster than this speed, it is breaking the sound barrier.
Materials and Structures
The study of what materials are to be used on the plane and in the engine and how those materials make the plane strong enough to fly effectively.
Mixer
This part of the engine combines the high temperature air coming from the engine core with the lower temperature air that was bypassed in the fan. By processing the air in this way, the engine is a little quieter.

N

Nozzle
The nozzle is the exhaust duct of the engine. The air that has passed through the engine passes through the exhaust and produces the thrust or forward motion of the engine.

P

Pitch
The pitch is the angle at which a plane descends or climbs. The pilot adjusts the elevators on the tail to make a plane descend or climb. Lowering the elevators causes the airplane's nose to drop, sending the plane into a down; Raising the elevators causes the airplane to climb.
Propulsion
(As a field of study in relation to Aeronautics) is the study of how to design an engine that will provide the thrust that is needed for a plane to take off and fly through the air.

R

Regimes of Flight
The ranges of speed that airplanes fly: Subsonic: 100-350 MPH. Transonic: 350-750 MPH. Supersonic: 760-3500 MPH. Hypersonic: 3500-7000 MPH
Roll
To roll the plane to the right or left, the ailerons are raised on one wing and lowered on the other. The wing with the lowered aileron rises while the wing with the raised aileron drops.
Rudder
The rudder is found on the tail of the plane. Moving it right and left controls the left and right movements of the plane.

S

Slats
The slats move out from the front of the wings to make the wing space larger. This helps to increase the lifting force of the wing at slower speeds like takeoff and landing.
Spoilers
The spoilers are used like air brakes to reduce any remaining lift and slow down the airplane.
Stability and Control
Stability and Control is the study of how to control the speed, direction, altitude and other conditions that affect how a plane flies.
Shock Wave
A series of airwaves that form in front of a fast moving plane. In order to travel faster than sound the plane must push through these waves; this creates a sonic boom (see below).
Sonic Boom
When a plane pushes through a shock wave, it creates a sonic boom. The noise is the result of breaking through the airwaves, which form in front of a fast moving plane. A sonic boom sounds when the plane is going faster than 760 MPH (Mach 1).
Sound Waves
Sound is made up of molecules of air, all of which vibrate and move to carry sound. When they push together they form sound waves.
Speed of Sound
When a plane travels faster than 760 a sound barrier forms in front of the plane. If a plane is going at the speed of sound it is traveling at Mach 1.
Subsonic
Subsonic is a speed of 100-350 MPH. Small planes such as crop dusters and seaplanes are examples of aircraft that travel at these speeds.
Supersonic
Planes that travel faster than Mach 1 (the speed of sound) are traveling at supersonic speeds. An example of this speed regime is the Concorde, whose speed range is 760 - 3500 MPH or Mach 1 - Mach 5.

T

Tail
The part of the plane that provides stability for the plane
Thrust
The force of flight that pushes a plane forward. The engine provides the thrust for flight.
Transonic
This speed of flight includes most of the commercial flights, which carry passengers and cargo. Transonic speed is 350 - 750 MPH.
Turbine
A part of the engine

W

Weight
A force that acts on the plane to pull it back to earth.
Wings
Also called airfoils. The wings provide the lift for the plane.

Y

Yaw
Yaw is the turning of a plane. When the rudder is turned to one side, the airplane moves left or right. The airplane's nose is pointed in the same direction as the direction of the rudder. The rudder and the ailerons are used together to make a turn.

 

 

Book Your Assessment Today and fast track your career to where you want to be!!!!!



a320typerating  |  Aviation Service
a320typerating.com  |  a320typerating.com